cowpox cowpox

Definition(s):

  • (n) a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder; formerly used to inoculate humans against smallpox

Usage(s):

  1. Jenner knew nothing about the immune system, but he had recognized that milkmaids who frequently came in contact with cows suffering from cowpox seldom contracted smallpox.
  2. He inoculated James Phipps, 8, with cowpox, then exposed him to smallpox six weeks later.
  3. It was developed two centuries ago by Edward Jenner, a British physician who had observed that milkmaids exposed to cowpox were immune to smallpox.

News

  1. Bioterror Threat? New Smallpox-Related Virus Raises Alarms

    Smallpox, the disfiguring scourge that killed an estimated 300 million to 500 million people in the 20th century alone, has been eradicated worldwide, thanks to an aggressive vaccination campaign. But smallpox has relatives that are also deadly: The virus that causes smallpox is an orthopoxvirus, a family of viral agents that also cause cowpox, monkeypox, vaccinia and other diseases. And now ...
    on May 4, 2014     Source: LiveScience.com via Yahoo! News

  2. Site Search

    Scientists with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have detected a new orthopoxvirus—the family of viruses that includes smallpox and cowpox—in three people in the nation of Georgia, including two herdsmen, the CDC reported in a news release yesterday.
    on May 2, 2014     Source: Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy

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