ijtihad ijtihad


  • (n) the endeavor of a Moslem scholar to derive a rule of divine law from the Koran and Hadith without relying on the views of other scholars; by the end of the 10th century theologians decided that debate on such matters would be closed and Muslim theology and law were frozen


  1. While Sunni Islam effectively abandoned ijtihad in the 10th century, the practice remains an essential core of Shi'ism.
  2. Her call for a resurrection of ijtihad the early tradition of challenge and inquiry that demanded a re-interpretation of the Koran relevant to the current era is bold.
  3. Her call for a resurrection of ijtihad the Islamic legal tradition of critical thinking is a yearning for a return to the progressive origins of her religion.


  1. Explaining the causes of the intellectual attitude "which reduced the law of Islam practically to a state of immobility", Iqbal argued: "The closing of the door of ijtihad is pure fiction suggested partly by the crystallisation of legal...
    on Nov 17, 2006 By: Allama Iqbal Source: The News - International

  2. "The gates of ijtihad [interpretation] in Islam are always open," says Turabi, in the parlor of his large home in Sudan's capital, Khartoum.
    on Jun 12, 2007 By: Hassan al-Turabi Source: Christian Science Monitor

  3. On her Web site, Manji writes: "There's no doubt that some young Muslims detest me and my message of ijtihad. They tend to be the vocal and vitriolic ones. But everywhere I go, I'm quietly approached by Muslims, especially young women, who are...
    on May 1, 2005 By: Irshad Manji Source: OCRegister

Word of the Day
engender engender
/ɛn ˈdʒɛn dər /