ijtihad ijtihad

Definition(s):

  • (n) the endeavor of a Moslem scholar to derive a rule of divine law from the Koran and Hadith without relying on the views of other scholars; by the end of the 10th century theologians decided that debate on such matters would be closed and Muslim theology and law were frozen

Usage(s):

  1. While Sunni Islam effectively abandoned ijtihad in the 10th century, the practice remains an essential core of Shi'ism.
  2. Her call for a resurrection of ijtihad the early tradition of challenge and inquiry that demanded a re-interpretation of the Koran relevant to the current era is bold.
  3. Her call for a resurrection of ijtihad the Islamic legal tradition of critical thinking is a yearning for a return to the progressive origins of her religion.

Quotes

  1. Explaining the causes of the intellectual attitude "which reduced the law of Islam practically to a state of immobility", Iqbal argued: "The closing of the door of ijtihad is pure fiction suggested partly by the crystallisation of legal...
    on Nov 17, 2006 By: Allama Iqbal Source: The News - International

  2. "The gates of ijtihad [interpretation] in Islam are always open," says Turabi, in the parlor of his large home in Sudan's capital, Khartoum.
    on Jun 12, 2007 By: Hassan al-Turabi Source: Christian Science Monitor

  3. On her Web site, Manji writes: "There's no doubt that some young Muslims detest me and my message of ijtihad. They tend to be the vocal and vitriolic ones. But everywhere I go, I'm quietly approached by Muslims, especially young women, who are...
    on May 1, 2005 By: Irshad Manji Source: OCRegister

Word of the Day
engender engender
/ɛn ˈdʒɛn dər /