late vs former :


  • a  being or occurring at an advanced period of time or after a usual or expected time
    late evening
    late 18th century
    a late movie
    took a late flight
    had a late breakfast
  • s  after the expected or usual time; delayed
    a belated birthday card
    I'm late for the plane
    the train is late
  • s  of the immediate past or just previous to the present time
    a late development
    their late quarrel
  • s  having died recently
    her late husband
  • a  of a later stage in the development of a language or literature; used especially of dead languages
  • a  at or toward an end or late period or stage of development
    the late phase of feudalism
    a later symptom of the disease
    later medical science could have saved the child
  • s  (used especially of persons) of the immediate past
    our late President is still very active
  • r  later than usual or than expected
    the train arrived late
    we awoke late
    the children came late to school
    I belatedly wished her a happy birthday
  • r  to an advanced time
    talked late into the evening
  • r  at an advanced age or stage
    she married late
    undertook the project late in her career
  • r  in the recent past
    lately the rules have been enforced
    as late as yesterday she was fine
    feeling better of late

  • n  the first of two or the first mentioned of two
    Tom and Dick were both heroes but only the former is remembered today
  • a  referring to the first of two things or persons mentioned (or the earlier one or ones of several); I prefer the former version to the latter one"
  • s  belonging to some prior time
    our former glory
  • s  (used especially of persons) of the immediate past
    the former president
  • s  belonging to the distant past
    former generations
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