colons vs semicolons :

colons or semicolons

Colons have a host of uses, but they mostly have in common that the colon acts to connect what precedes it with what follows. Think of the two dots of a colon as if they were stretched out to form an equal sign, so that you get cases like this: “he provided all the ingredients: sugar, flour, butter, and vanilla.” There are a few exceptions to this pattern, however. One unusual use of colons is in between the chapter and verses of a Biblical citation, for instance, “Matthew 6:5.” In bibliographic citation a colon separates the city from the publisher: “New York: New Directions, 1979.” It also separates minutes from hours in times of day when given in figures: “8:35.”It is incorrect to substitute a semicolon in any of these cases. Think of the semicolon as erecting a little barrier with that dug-in comma under the dot; semicolons always imply separation rather than connection. A sentence made up of two distinct parts whose separationneeds to be emphasized may do so with a semicolon: “Mary moved toSeattle; she w

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News & Articles

  • Unclean colonoscopy instruments: 3 in 20 have 'dirt' from colons
    Bits and pieces of "biological dirt" from inside people's colons are being left on three in 20 of the instruments inserted in people's rectums to examine their lower digestive tract, according to a study at five hospitals nationwide.        
    June 10, 2013 - Baltimore Sun
  • Three-in-20 scopes used to examine GI tracts and colons dirty
    FORT LAUDERDALE, Fla., June 8 (UPI) -- Three-in-20 flexible gastrointestinal endoscopes used to examine GI tracts and colons are improperly cleaned and may cause infection, U.S. researchers say.
    June 8, 2013 - UPI
  • Dirty Endoscopes Raise Risk for Patients
    A new study released Friday discovered that an average of 15 percent of flexible endoscopes used to examine GI tracts and colons at five hospitals were dirty, raising concerns that patients could be exposed to viruses.
    June 7, 2013 - CNBC