myelin myelin  /ˈmaɪ ɪ lɪn/

Definition(s):

  • (n) a white fatty substance that forms a medullary sheath around the axis cylinder of some nerve fibers

Synonym(s)

Usage(s):

  1. Throughout our lives, fresh layers of myelin sheathing are laid down in the brain.
  2. The white matter is composed of fatty myelin sheaths that encase axons and, like insulation on a wire, make nerve-signal transmissions faster and more efficient.
  3. Antibodies with a low affinity for myelin-producing cells in the central nervous system may stimulate these cells to divide and develop.

News

  1. Early diagnosis and treatment may reduce MS relapses

    Multiple sclerosis is a chronic autoimmune disease that disrupts nerve impulses in the central nervous system (brain, optic nerves and spinal cord) by attacking the protective coverings around nerve fibers known as myelin, and often damaging the nerve fibers (axons) themselves. Consequently, it can cause a diverse range of symptoms including numbness, weakness, spasticity, gait disturbances ...
    on June 9, 2013     Source: Del Mar Times

  2. Multiple sclerosis: Phase 1 trial safely resets patients' immune systems, reduces attack on myelin protein

    A phase 1 clinical trial for the first treatment to reset the immune system of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients showed the therapy was safe and dramatically reduced patients' immune systems' reactivity to myelin by 50 to 75 percent. The therapy used billions of patients' own specially processed blood cells to create tolerance to myelin, the insulating layer that forms around nerves. In MS, the ...
    on June 6, 2013     Source: Science Daily

  3. Big multiple sclerosis breakthrough

    ( Northwestern University ) A phase 1 clinical trial for the first treatment to reset the immune system of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients showed the therapy was safe and dramatically reduced patients' immune systems' reactivity to myelin by 50 to 75 percent. The therapy used billions of patients' own specially processed blood cells to create tolerance to myelin, the insulating layer that forms ...
    on June 6, 2013     Source: EurekAlert!

Wiki Images for myelin

definition of myelin

Quotes

  1. "After nerve injury, the degenerating myelin downstream from the injury is rapidly cleared in the peripheral, but not the central, nervous system," said Barres. "In fact in an injured human brain or spinal cord, the degenerating myelin just...
    on Jun 21, 2010 By: Ben Barres Source: HealthJockey.com

  2. "This finding is a departure from mainstream thinking about MS and related disorders, where the major focus of research in the past century has been the myelin that insulates nerve fibers, and the cell that manufactures myelin, known as the...
    on Sep 23, 2005 By: John Lennon Source: Science Daily (press release)

  3. Dr Alan Moore, president and CEO, said, "This patent bolsters our intellectual property position around the use of prolactin for treating demyelinating neurodegenerative diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) in which the myelin sheath surrounding...
    on May 23, 2009 By: Alan Moore Source: pharmabiz.com

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periphery periphery
/pə ˈrɪ fə ri /